Environmental Issues in Manufacturing
Whereas industrialization plays a major role in economic growth of most countries across the globe, the industrial processes also produce adverse environmental consequences through the release of water and air pollutants. The careless disposal of hazardous substances can also harm the health and wellness of the people who live near the factories. This is the same case that applies to Arab countries where very little attention is paid towards environmental protection and their environmental standards are generally inappropriate. In most instances, the same standards are not implemented effectively. However, not all manfacturing processes are harmful to the environment. centerless grinding, for instance, is a resourceful and careful process.
What Are The Main Environmental Concerns?
With rapid economic development across the globe, many developing countries including Arab countries face a myriad of environmental concerns. One of these concerns is the environmental pollution that comes as result of hazardous technologies or industries that are transferred from the developed nations. Most of these hazardous products are not allowable in the developed nations but are allowed in the developing countries since their environmental legislation is looser. There are even some countries which have no legislation regarding industrial liquid filtration considering that it can be quite hazardous in most instances.
The other major issue here is the rapid proliferation of small scale enterprises in both rural areas and townships. These developments in Arab countries normally create serious water and air pollution effects. Some experts argue that this happens due to lack of sufficient funds and knowledge. However, there are still a lot of concerns with regards to the environment and what people can do in order to protect it.
Air pollution in Arab countries is derived not just from stack pollutant emissions but also from fugitive emissions of pollutants in a small scale. These are the pollutants that are emitted from cement mills, lead refineries, pesticide factories, chemical fertilizer and many others. In countries where inadequate control measures have been put in place, most of these air pollutants are allowed to find their way into the atmosphere.
Since industrial processes in most instances involve the generation of energy, combustion of fossil fuels is a major cause of air pollution in developing countries. For instance, in Arab countries, coal is largely used for not just industrial but also domestic consumption. Most Arabian countries rely largely on direct coal consumption. Of course the types of air pollutants in these countries vary from one industry to the other. The concentrations of the pollutants are also varied.
Water and Soil Pollution
Inappropriate and careless disposal of industrial wastes can also result in soil and water pollution. Uncontrolled disposal or discharge into water sources and land is what causes pollution. This is again another crucial concern for most Arab countries today. This form of pollution is mainly caused by small scale township enterprises which are very common in most of these countries. Remember, soil pollution can advance and even contaminate ground water sources.
The other problem of soil and water pollution in these developing countries is the transfer of hazardous and toxic materials from developed to developing nations. The countries suffer the adverse effects of pollution. Most developed nations do this because the developing nations might have less strict legislation with regards to environmental pollution.